Understanding the different weights of plotter paper is an essential part of any AEC office environment. It’s used for many things, including printing a check-set of architectural drawings, renderings, and maps. But how do you know which type of paper weight will work best for you?
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Understanding the weight of paper is not common sense and may be confusing. So, to become familiar with some standard terms used to understand and communicate the weight of paper.
The U.S. Basis Weights are the most confusing, primarily because the same paper can yield different values based on the “Basis Weight” applied while manufacturing the paper. Higher values don't always equate to heavier/thicker print media.
The “Basis Weight” is defined as the weight of 500 sheets of paper in its basic unit uncut size, which means before being cut to ‘letter' size or ‘legal' size, the paper is weighed and categorized. Think about reams of office paper for this measurement. If 500 sheets of Bond paper (17 x 22 inches) weigh 20 lbs., then a ream of paper cut to ‘letter' size will be labeled as 20 lb.
With that same thinking, if 500 sheets of ‘cover' paper (20 x 26 inches) weigh 65 lbs., then a ream of this paper trimmed to tabloid size would be marked as 65lb. Fortunately, a metric measurement is often displayed alongside the U.S. Basis Weight. The metric measurement, called grammage, is the actual weight of one sheet of media cut 1 x 1-meter square.
Basis weight and grammage are terms used in the pulp and paper industry and also for the fabric industry to denote a measure of the mass of the product per unit of area for a type of fabric, paper, or paperboard. Because the same size sheet is constantly being weighed, GSM or g/m2 (grams per square meter) provides a more uniform scale to judge a paper's weight and thickness.
G/M2 in Practice – What to expect.
What do different paper thicknesses and g/m2 represent in real life? Here is a rough translation of these seemingly arbitrary numbers into commonly occurring paper you will have bumped into before now – some small format, some large format
35g/m2 to 55 g/m2: This is very thin paper. Most newspapers are printed on this paper thickness. As a reference, the average Translucent Bond Paper 67g/m2.
90 g/m2 to 100 g/m2: This is the weight range of most printer paper. This is You can pick up this stuff in sheets at the office supply store. Bright White Inkjet Paper 90 g/m2
120 g/m2 to 140 g/m2:This range covers the paper thickness of most posters that are not meant to be used long-term. Paper with this g/m2 is sturdy enough to withstand a bit of wear and tear. Consider Heavyweight Coated Paper = 13,,0 g/m2, and although it’s more durable than paper, Everyday Matte Polypropylene CGFTweights g/m2.
210 g/m2 to 300 g/m2:This weight range has us moving into a thick and premium class. This collection is approaching rd-stock thickness, but will likely still have a bit of a bend when held with two fingers. Think of Matte Litho-realistic Paper = 270 g/m2, or our Premium Instant-dry Satin Photo Paper at a weight of 21 g/m2.
350 g/m2 and up: This is called ‘card stock' but that can be a dangerous label. It’s not just the thickness of media that matters, but its flexibility too that matters. An example of this weight would be Colorfast Adhesive Vinyl WITH the liner = 345 g/m2, once the liner is removed, it's 190 g/m2. our Opaque Scrim is a fat 490-510 g/m2.
As you can see, there is quite a bit to think about when it comes to different wide-format media, especially higher-end graphics stock.
Ultimately, don't let it frustrate preciselyTAVCO specialists, and let them know exactly what was was you have in mind for the final product.
The article was originally published in 2015 and updated in 2022.